Sustainability is important in Islam because it is a fundamental principle of the religion. The Qur'an and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad emphasize the importance of preserving the natural world and living in harmony with the environment. Muslims are taught to be stewards of the earth and to use its resources wisely, so that they can be preserved for future generations. In Islam, the concept of sustainability is closely tied to the idea of justice, as it is seen as a way to ensure that all people have access to the resources they need to live a good life. Sustainability is also seen as a way to fulfill the trust that God has given to humans to care for the earth.
ALLAH (SUBHANAHU WA TA’ALA) SAYS IN THE HOLY QUR’AN:
“And Allah loveth not those who do mischief” (Surat Al Ma’eda, verse 64)
“And do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if ye have Faith” (Surat Al A’raf, ‘the Heights’, verse 85)
Eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters (Surat Al-A’raf 7: 31).
“And do good as Allah has been good to you. And do not seek to cause corruption in the earth. Allah does not love the corrupters”, (Surat Al Qasas 28:77)
“Children of Adam, dress well whenever you are at worship, and eat and drink (as we have permitted) but do not be extravagant: God does not like extravagant people.” (Surat Al-A’raf 7:31)
Hadiths, which are the traditions of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), also talk a lot about the environment, such as preserving resources, reclaiming land, and keeping the environment clean. Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) warned against overconsumption, luxury, and wastefulness and encouraged moderation in all areas of life.